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Future Steel Buildings, Business, Page 12

Future Steel Buildings

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5 | Components of Steel Buildings
Modern steel buildings are made of many individual components
that have evolved over time. With the benefit of CAD
manufacturers are able to produce more variations in dimensions
and format of steel buildings.

Building construction is done using different steel shapes and
pieces. In most of the developed countries, standard approved
shapes are available.
Small steel buildings are prefabricated and are simple to
assemble. The larger steel buildings require skilled workers so
that safe assembly of the structure is ensured.

There are five main components of structural steel. They are
tension members, compression members, bending members,
combined force members and their connections.

Tension members can be found as web and chord in trusses and
open web steel joints. They carry tensile and pulling forces
preventing force to be applied on the other members used in

Columns, Struts or posts make up the compression members.
They are the vertical members in trusses and joists that are in

Beams, joists, girders, spandrels, lintels are known as bending
members. Each member has its own application but typically
bending members carry moments and shear forces.

Combined force members are also known as beam-columns and
are subjected to bending compression. Connecting members
bring the entire building together.